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This article was originally published on 10 September in the Washington Post under the title Good or Bad? New rating system can’t decide about this principal.
Sean C. Feeney
Principal, The Wheatley School
President, Nassau County High School Principals Association
Co-author, Letter of Concern about NYS APPR Legislation
Beginning last week, superintendents in New York State’s public school districts received the “Growth Scores” for teachers of grades 4-8 and principals serving grades 4-8 and 9-12. These scores are based on the new Common Core test results, which saw a 30-point drop in students being classified as “proficient.” Although our Commissioner of Education has repeatedly tried to assure the public (http://www.engageny.org/resource/parent-resources-grades-3-8-ela-mathematics-tests) that the dramatic drop in student scores does not reflect negatively on student, teacher or school performance, this message flies in the face of reality. As the State continues to “build its plane in the air,” (http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/answer-sheet/post/the-dangers-of-building-a-plane-in-the-air/2011/09/30/gIQAojqWAL_blog.html), those of us who work in schools are seeing how destructive these poorly-planned initiatives have been.
As thousands of educators across New York State have publicly indicated, the excessive testing and use of student scores to rate teachers, principals and schools is misguided, not based in sound research and rushed in its implementation. These facts are ignored at the peril of our students and schools.
As we see more and more results of New York State’s initiatives, the more serious problems and contradictions are revealed. Looking deeper into the recent scores released, one can see at least three glaring problems:
1. State Provided Scores are Not Reflective of Reality
As the principal of an 8-12 school, I receive two separate growth scores from the State. According to the State’s growth measures for 4-8 principals, I have been classified as a “Developing” principal. This is one step above the “Ineffective” rating. According to the growth measure for 9-12 principals, I am an “Effective” principal. This notion that one can look at a single grade and extrapolate a rating for an educator is nonsensical and bad statistical practice. Additionally, it is not reflective of the educational offerings we provide our students across grades 8-12.
Our school programs and offerings reflect a supportive community that has high expectations for its children. We offer robust music, theatre and art programs, and students have ample opportunity to participate in student clubs and athletics. Our school has a strong commitment to community service with faculty and students all participating in a day-long a Day of Service and Learning. I have the blessing of working with a wonderfully talented faculty. As the principal, I have been smart enough to listen and support all the time, to stay out of the way some times, and to push hard other times.
So how has our school done preparing students for college? Our most recent State report card reflects a graduation rate of 100%, with 89% of our students earning the higher Advanced Designation diploma. These rates are far above the New York State average of 74% and 30%, respectively. Our school is highly ranked on the national lists of top high schools. Virtually every graduate attends college, with over 90% of them attending a four-year college. Students have the opportunity to participate in career mentoring, science research and mathematics research. Every school in our country should have the support and programs we are able to provide our students. How do these two scores, as well as the scores that my teachers received, reflect our work in preparing all students for college and careers?
2. State Provided Scores are Not Consistent
In one of the many memoranda to schools, Commissioner King boasts that “about three-quarters of individual teachers will earn the same or better HEDI rating than they did in 2011-12.” http://www.engageny.org/sites/default/files/resource/attachments/growth_score_release_letter_to_superintendents.pdf. This is not something that should make our Commissioner proud! If 75% of teachers earned the same or better rating than last year, that means about 25% of teachers earned a worse rating than they did in 2011-12. No matter how it is viewed, this amounts to an alarming amount of movement in a model that purports to measure “teacher effectiveness.” Did that many teachers become worse at their craft from one year to the next? Which measure is accurate: last year’s measure or this year’s measure? Of course, this lack of intertemporal stability in value added measures is one that has been identified by researchers for years (http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/1001266_stabilityofvalue.pdf). Clearly, there is a problem with the model. A system that purports to be objective but results in teachers bouncing from Ineffective to Effective or from Highly Effective to Developing in one year is evidence of a capricious, inconsistent system.
3. State Measures Contradict Each Other
My “Developing” rating as a 4-8 principal is based on the performance of our 8th Graders on the Common Core examinations administered in April 2013. As our Deputy Commissioner explained in the infamous March memo (http://www.engageny.org/resource/field-memo-transition-to-common-core-assessments) only students achieving at a level of 3 or 4 on these exams are considered to be on a college and career trajectory. (This is the same memo that informed us that only one-third of New York State students would demonstrate proficiency on the exams that were still weeks away from even being taken!) Well, how did our 8th graders do on the mathematics examination? Only 39% of them earned a level 3 or level 4 designation. Clearly, I must be an ineffective leader to have such low performance among my students!
Not so fast. At our school, 92% of our 8th graders also took the high-school Integrated Algebra examination. Our overall passing rate on this exam was 97% last year. The passing rate of the 8th graders who took the Algebra Regents examination was over 99%. A few years ago, the State established “College and Career Readiness” passing thresholds for these exams. Despite the fact that these thresholds and the correlational study on which they are based have been discredited (http://roundtheinkwell.com/2011/10/20/letter-to-the-new-york-state-regents-on-ccr), Commissioner King insists that only students who meet the Aspirational Index score of at least 80 on the Integrated Algebra examination are college and career ready. So how did our 8th Graders do against this measure?
Nearly 74% of them scored at this higher threshold. Of even greater concern is the fact that nearly 60% of the students who earned Level 1 or Level 2 scores on the 8th grade assessment passed the Integrated Algebra Regents at the “college and career ready” threshold of 80. How do I tell a student that he was not proficient in April, but met the Commissioner’s “College Ready” standard for graduation two months later?
In their desire to earn Race to the Top funding, our State Education officials have created a system of contradictions, mixed messages and harmful outcomes. This is what happens when one throws an entire state into a chaotic system of mandates and practices that are not thoughtfully planned and are simply not grounded in best practices. Yet I’m the one being labeled as a developing leader.